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Golden Retriever Articles
Raising Your Golden Retriever Puppy
By Carol Matthews
A litter of Golden Retriever puppies is surely one of the sweetest
things that you will ever see, but don't let those adorable balls of
fluff fool you. Inside that fuzzy coat is a barrel of energy that
will require plenty of time, patience and effort to bring under
control into a pleasant and well-behaved family pet.
The Golden Retriever: Man's Best Friend
By Michael Russell
The Golden Retriever is a popular breed of dog that was used as a
retrieving dog while hunting wild fowl in the past. It is one of the
most common dogs for families now as it is very tolerant, easy to
handle and doesn't require much from the owners besides exercise,
food and visits to the vet.
House Breaking Your Golden Retriever
By Peter Finch
Once you have got your golden retriever, it is important to house
break him. He should be trained and mannered properly, so that he
easily fits into your home.
Training For Your Golden Retriever
By Peter Finch
Training is very important for your golden retriever. Golden
retrievers are smart dogs, and they learn quickly. With a little bit
of patience and time, your golden retriever can be the most adorable
Enlisted here are the most popular methods that would provide
training for your golden retriever.
Medical Problems Of Golden Retrievers
By Peter Finch
Golden retrievers are generally healthy dogs, with strong and sound
constitutions. They are extremely popular as family pets. However,
there are some medical problems of Golden retrievers that all Golden
owners should know. These are inherited by the golden retriever in
its genes and are quite common.
Characteristics of the Golden Retriever
By Peter Finch
The Golden Retriever is typically athletic, well balanced, and
symmetrical in appearance. This is reflected in its merry outgoing
temperament; in fact you will not find this dog sulky or aggressive.
This large breed looks very similar to the yellow Labrador
retriever, especially when young. The most obvious difference being
that the Golden Retriever's coat is luxurious and varies in shades
of gold yellow.
Feeding Your Golden Retriever Pup
By Peter Finch
One of the most joyful moments is when your golden retriever greets
you as you enter your home. It doesnt matter if you have been gone
for an hour or a week, you will always be greeted with love and
dedication. Among other fond moments is feeding your golden
retriever when he or she begs you for food.
Golden Retriever Facts and Information
The Golden Retriever is a large
breed of dog, historically developed as a gundog to retrieve shot
waterfowl and upland game during hunting.As such they were bred to
have a soft mouth to retrieve game undamaged and an instinctive love
of water. Their versatility sees them employed in a variety of roles
including illegal drug detection, search and rescue, as hunting dogs
and as guide dogs. Its friendly, biddable nature and patient
demeanor has also made it one of the most popular family dogs (by
registration) in the world today.
The ideal Golden is athletic, and well balanced. It is a
symmetrical, powerful, and active dog. An American Golden is less
stocky and lankier than a British. A male should stand from 2224
inch (5861 cm) in height at the shoulders, and females should be
21.522.5 inch (5557 cm) at the shoulders. The males weigh 6575
lb. and the females weigh 5565 lb. The coat is dense and water
repellent, in various shades of lustrous gold, with moderate
feathering. Excessive length, lightness, or darkness is undesirable.
The gait should be free, smooth, powerful, and well-coordinated.
They originated in Scotland during the late nineteenth century and
were a mix of the Tweed Water Spaniel, which is now extinct, and the
Field line Golden Retrievers tend to be smaller and have a less
dense coat than their show line counterparts.
There is some variation between the British type Golden Retrievers
prevalent throughout Europe and Australia, and those of American
lines and these differences are reflected in the breed standards.
This type is bigger-boned, shorter, with a more square head and or
muzzle and are generally slightly heavier. Males should be between
5661 cm (2224 inch) at the withers and females slightly shorter at
between 5156 cm (2022 inch). Weight, however, is not specified in
the UK standard. The KC standard calls for a level topline and
straight hindquarters without the slight rear angulation found in
American lines. The eyes of American line dogs tend to be set
further apart than those of English lines and can appear to be
slanted and triangular in shape by comparison. A Golden Retriever of
British breeding can have a coat colour of any shade of gold or
cream, however, red or mahogany are not permissible colours.
Originally cream was not an acceptable colour in the UK standard,
however, by 1936 the standard was revised to include cream. It was
felt this exclusion was a mistake as the original "yellow"
retrievers of the 19th century were lighter in colour than the then
current standard permitted. As with dogs of American lines white is
an unacceptable colour. The British KC standard is used in all
countries with the exceptions of the US and Canada. Some breeders of
this type in America may import their dogs to improve bloodlines.
Coat and color
The coat is dense and waterproof, and may be straight or moderately
wavy. It usually lies flat against the belly. The American Kennel
Club (AKC) standard states that the coat is a "rich, lustrous golden
of various shades", disallowing coats that are extremely light or
extremely dark. This leaves the outer ranges of coat color up to a
judge's discretion when competing in conformation shows. Therefore,
"pure white" and "red" are unacceptable colors for the Golden coat.
The Kennel Club (UK) also permits cream as an acceptable coat
color.Judges may also disallow Goldens with pink noses, or those
lacking pigment. The Golden's coat can also be of a mahogany color,
referred to as "redheads", although this is not accepted in the
British show ring. As a Golden grows older, its coat can become
darker or lighter, along with a noticeable whitening of the fur on
and around the muzzle. Puppy coats are usually much lighter than
their adult coats, but a darker colouration at the tips of the ears
may indicate a darker adult color. A golden's coat should never be
too long, as this may prove to be a disservice to them in the field-
especially when retrieving game.
The Golden Retriever temperament is a hallmark of the breed and is
described in the standard as "kindly, friendly and confident". They
are not "one man dogs" and are generally equally friendly with
strangers and those familiar to them. Their trusting, gentle
disposition therefore makes them a poor guard dog. Any form of
unprovoked aggression or hostility towards either people, dogs or
other animals, whether in the show ring or community, is completely
unacceptable in a Golden Retriever and is not in keeping with the
character of the breed and as such is considered a serious fault.
Nor should a Golden Retriever be unduly timid or nervous. The
typical Golden Retriever is calm, naturally intelligent and
biddable, with an exceptional eagerness to please. They are
excellent with children and this along with their other qualities
has made them a favorite family pet.
As the name suggests, the Golden Retriever really loves to retrieve.
Whether it's a thrown stick, tennis ball, or flying disc, retrieving
can keep a dog of this breed occupied and entertained for hours,
particularly if there is also water involved. They might also pick
up and "retrieve" any object that is near to them upon their
masters' arrival,thus giving the name retriever.
Goldens are also noted for their intelligence, and can learn up to
roughly 240 commands, words and phrases. These dogs are also
renowned for their patience with children. However, as with any
breed of dog, if not appropriately trained and supervised, a Golden
may accidentally injure a child in play, due to their high-spirited
Typically, Goldens are fairly unruly as puppies and may chew and
retrieve everything in sight.
By the time they reach maturity however, Goldens will have become
active and fun-loving animals with the exceptionally patient
demeanor befitting a dog bred to sit quietly for hours in a hunting
blind. Adult Golden Retrievers love to work, and have a keen ability
to focus on a given task. They will seemingly work until collapse,
so care should be taken to avoid overworking them.
Other characteristics related to their hunting heritage are a size
suited for scrambling in and out of boats and an inordinate love for
water. Golden Retrievers are exceptionally trainable -due to their
intelligence, athleticism and desire to please their handlers- and
generally excel in obedience trials. In fact, the first AKC
Obedience Trial Champion was a Golden Retriever. They are also very
competitive in agility and other performance events. It is important
to note that harsh training methods will typically cause Goldens to
shut down, therefore positive reinforcement is a more effective
way to train this breed.
Golden Retrievers are compatible with children and adults and are
good with other dogs, cats and most livestock. Golden Retrievers are
particularly valued for their high level of sociability towards
people, calmness, and willingness to learn. Because of this, they
are commonly used as guide dogs, mobility assistance dogs, and
search and rescue dogs.
Golden Retrievers are moderately active dogs, and require a
reasonable amount of exercise each day, although exercise needs may
vary depending on the individual dog and its age. They are a breed
that is prone to obesity, even more so than the Labrador
Retrievers, and as such the average Golden
Retriever should never be treated like a small dog, or sedentary
house pet. Some dogs may be too active to be easily exercised by
Goldens should be groomed at least once a week, and every day during
heavy shedding. Their coats shed heavily the entire year, and even
more excessively during shedding season, which is normally in the
spring as the dog loses its thick winter coat. They also need to
have their ears cleaned regularly, or otherwise an ear infection
might occur. While shedding is unavoidable with Golden Retrievers,
frequent grooming (daily to weekly) lessens the amount of hair shed
by the animal. Severe shedding resulting in bald patches can be
indicative of stress or sickness in a Golden Retriever.
Golden Retrievers are very attached to their owners. Leaving them
alone in a room can cause the dog to become very sad and distressed.
They have a need to always have something in their mouth, and like
to carry things around. They are great athletes and must be walked
daily, or they will become restless and anxious.
The Golden Retriever breed was originally developed in Scotland at "Guisachan"
near Glen Affric, the highland estate of Sir Dudley Marjoribanks
(pronounced "Marʒbanks"), later Baron Tweedmouth. For many years,
there was controversy over which breeds were originally crossed. In
1952, the publication of Majoribanks' breeding records from 1835 to
1890 dispelled the myth concerning the purchase of a whole troupe of
Russian sheepdogs from a visiting circus.
Improvements in guns during the 1800s resulted in more fowl being
downed during hunts at greater distances and over increasingly
difficult terrain. This led to more birds being lost in the field.
Because of this improvement in firearms, a need for a specialist
retriever arose as training setter and pointer breeds in retrieval
was found to be ineffective. Thus work began on the breeding of the
Golden Retriever to fill this role.
The original cross was of a yellow-colored Retriever, Nous, with a
Tweed Water Spaniel female dog, Belle. The Tweed Water Spaniel is
now extinct but was then common in the border country. Majoribanks
had purchased Nous in 1865 from an unregistered litter of otherwise
black wavy-coated retriever pups. In 1868, this cross produced a
litter that included four pups; these four became the basis of a
breeding program which included the Irish Setter, the sandy-colored
Bloodhound, the St. John's Water Dog of Newfoundland, and two more
wavy-coated black Retrievers. The bloodline was also inbred and
selected for trueness to Majoribanks' idea of the ultimate hunting
dog. His vision included a more vigorous and powerful dog than
previous retrievers, one that would still be gentle and trainable.
Russian sheepdogs are not mentioned in these records, nor are any
other working dog breeds. The ancestry of the Golden Retriever is
all sporting dogs, in line with Majoribanks' goals.
Golden Retrievers were first accepted for registration by the The
Kennel Club of England in 1903, as Flat Coats - Golden. They were
first exhibited in 1908, and in 1911 were recognized as a breed
described as Retriever (Golden and Yellow). In 1913, the Golden
Retriever Club was founded. The breed name was officially changed to
Golden Retriever in 1920.
The Honorable Archie Majoribanks took a Golden Retriever to Canada
in 1881, and registered Lady with the American Kennel Club (AKC) in
1894. These are the first records of the breed in these two
countries. The breed was first registered in Canada in 1927, and the
Golden Retriever Club of Ontario, now the Golden Retriever Club of
Canada, was formed in 1958. The co-founders of the GRCC were Cliff
Drysdale an Englishman who had brought over an English Golden and
Jutta Baker, daughter in law of Louis Baker who owned Northland
Kennels, possibly Canada's first kennel dedicated to Goldens. The
AKC recognized the breed in 1925, and in 1938 the Golden Retriever
Club of America was formed.
The median life span for Golden Retrievers is approximately 10 to 13
years. While the breed is recognized for its vitality, many
retrievers are susceptible to specific ailments. A responsible
breeder will proactively minimize the risk of illness by having the
health of dogs in breeding pairs professionally assessed and
selected on the basis of complementary traits.
Breeding Golden Retrievers can be profitable for puppy mills and
backyard breeders. As a result of careless breeding for profit,
Goldens are prone to genetic disorders and other diseases. Hip
dysplasia is very common in the breed; when buying a puppy in the US
its parents should have been examined by the OFA or by PennHIP for
* Cancer, the most common being hemangiosarcoma, followed by
lymphosarcoma, mast cell tumor, and osteosarcoma. Cancer was the
cause of death for 61.8% of Goldens according to a 1998 health study
conducted by the Golden Retriever Club of America, making it the
breed's most deadly disease.
* Hip and elbow dysplasia.
* Eye diseases, including cataracts (the most common eye disease in
Goldens), progressive retinal atrophy, glaucoma, distichiasis,
entropion, corneal dystrophy and retinal dysplasia
* Heart , especially subvalvular aortic stenosis and cardiomyopathy
are major problems in this breed.
* Joint diseases, including patella luxation, osteochondritis,
panosteitis, and cruciate ligament rupture
* Skin diseases, with allergies (often leading to acute moist
dermatitis or "Hot Spots"), particularly flea allergies, being most
common. Others include seborrhea, sebaceous adenitis, and lick
* Autoimmune hemolytic anemia
* Cushing's Disease
* Diabetes (occasionally)
* Ear Infections
* Laryngeal paralysis
* Liver shunt
* Myasthenia gravis
* von Willebrand Disease
The Golden Retriever's eagerness to please has made them consistent,
top performers in the obedience and agility rings. The first three
dogs ever to achieve the AKC Obedience Champion title were Golden
Retrievers; the first of the three was a female named Tonka.
Their natural retrieving ability also sees them excel in flyball and
Because of the prevalence and prominence of the breed, high demand
results in many Goldens being abandoned each year by owners who can
no longer care for them. Puppy mills are another source of orphan
Golden Retrievers. These dogs, often old or in need of medical
support, may end up in animal shelters.
In response to the numbers of orphan Goldens, volunteer
organizations work to rescue, care for, and adopt abandoned Golden
Retrievers. These rescue groups usually accept dogs from owners and
establish agreements with local animal shelters to ensure that dogs
will be transferred to their care rather than euthanized. Once
rescued, Golden Retrievers are placed in foster homes until a
permanent home is found. It is common for rescue groups to screen
prospective adopters to ensure that they are capable of providing a
good home for the dog. Golden retriever rescue groups have utilized
the world wide web to raise funds and advertise rescued Goldens to
adopters. The Golden Retriever Club of America has a permanent
standing committee, the National Rescue Committee.
Famous Golden Retrievers
President Gerald Ford and his golden retriever
* Abbey, pet of Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd
* Alex from Stroh Brewery Company ads
* Antoinette from Ouran High School Host Club
* Kaya from peru nacional champion
* Bonnie, as seen on Blue Peter
* Brandon, companion of Punky Brewster
* Brinkley, in "You've Got Mail"
* Buddy in Air Bud and its sequels
* Charlie the Wonderdog from the Australian television series The
* Chuutaro from Futari wa Pretty Cure
* Chase, mascot of the Trenton Thunder minor league baseball team
* Comet from Full House
* Einstein from Dean Koontzs' The Watchers
* Digby from Pushing Daisies
* Duke from Bush's Baked Beans commercials
* Goldie, as seen on Blue Peter
* Puppikins Dogchild aka Bill Griffin aka Gryphon
* Hunter from Road Rovers
* J.D. from Dead Like Me
* Klaus Von Puppy - Jack McFarland's puppy in the sitcom Will &
* Levi from Sue Thomas: F.B. Eye
* Liberty, pet of Gerald Ford and Betty Ford
* Lucy, as seen on Blue Peter
* Maise, pet of Trent Reznor
* Max the blogging Golden Retriever featured on CNN.com
* Mel from Ginga Densetsu Weed
* Napoleon from movie Napoleon.
* Purin from Sanrio.
* Shadow from Homeward Bound: The Incredible Journey and Homeward
* Shelby AKA Krypto from
* Star owned by Pamela Anderson appeared in the TV show Baywatch
* Steeler the Stink Dog of Colorado
* Trixie Koontz a retired service dog who died on June 30th, 2007,
purported author of Life is Good: Lessons in Joyful Living and
Christmas is Good, companion of Dean Koontz.
Golden Retriever Wallpaper image
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